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What Do You Call The Art Of Public Speaking

Public speaking is an art form that has captivated audiences for centuries. It is the ability to deliver a message, engage an audience, and leave a lasting impact. Whether it’s a motivational speech, a business presentation, or a political address, the art of public speaking is a skill that can be honed and mastered. But what do you call this art? In this blog article, we will explore the various terms used to describe the art of public speaking, its history, and its significance in today’s society.

Before we delve into the terminology, it’s important to understand the essence of public speaking. At its core, public speaking is the act of conveying a message to a live audience. It involves not only speaking clearly and effectively but also connecting with the audience on an emotional level. The art of public speaking is about engaging, inspiring, and influencing others through the power of words and delivery.



Oratory is an ancient term used to describe the art of public speaking. It dates back to classical times when great orators like Cicero and Demosthenes captivated audiences with their eloquence and persuasion. Oratory emphasizes the use of rhetoric, gestures, and voice modulation to deliver a powerful speech. Today, oratory is still regarded as a highly esteemed form of public speaking, highlighting the importance of persuasive communication.

The Historical Significance of Oratory

In ancient Greece and Rome, oratory played a crucial role in politics, law, and education. Skilled orators were revered and often held positions of power and influence. They were able to sway public opinion, inspire change, and shape the course of history with their words. Oratory was considered a mark of intelligence, eloquence, and leadership.

The Techniques of Oratory

Oratory involves a combination of skills and techniques that enhance the delivery of a speech. These techniques include the use of rhetorical devices such as metaphors, similes, and parallelism to make the speech more persuasive and memorable. Orators also employ gestures, facial expressions, and vocal modulation to captivate the audience and convey their message effectively.

The Modern Application of Oratory

While oratory may have originated in ancient times, its relevance and impact are still evident today. Public speakers, politicians, and even business leaders employ the techniques of oratory to engage and influence their audiences. The ability to deliver a powerful, persuasive speech is a valuable skill in various fields, from marketing and sales to leadership and advocacy.



Eloquence refers to the ability to speak persuasively and fluently. It encompasses the use of language, style, and delivery to captivate an audience. An eloquent speaker has the power to convey complex ideas in a clear and engaging manner. Eloquence is often associated with charisma and charm, making the speaker more relatable and trustworthy. It is a key aspect of the art of public speaking, enabling the speaker to leave a lasting impression on the audience.

The Power of Language

One of the hallmarks of an eloquent speaker is their mastery of language. They have a wide vocabulary and know how to use words effectively to convey their thoughts and emotions. Eloquent speakers choose their words carefully, using vivid imagery and evocative language to create a powerful impact on the audience. They understand the nuances of language and use it to their advantage in capturing the attention and imagination of their listeners.

The Importance of Style

Eloquence is not just about the words themselves but also about the style in which they are delivered. An eloquent speaker pays attention to their tone, rhythm, and pacing, creating a captivating flow to their speech. They vary their delivery to maintain the audience’s interest and emphasize key points effectively. A smooth and well-executed delivery adds to the overall impact of the speech, making it more engaging and memorable.

The Charisma Factor

Eloquence is often associated with charisma, as an eloquent speaker has the ability to charm and connect with their audience. Charisma is a combination of confidence, presence, and genuine enthusiasm. An eloquent speaker exudes charisma through their body language, eye contact, and overall demeanor. This charisma helps establish a connection with the audience, making them more receptive to the speaker’s message.



Rhetoric is the art of using language effectively to persuade, inform, or entertain. It focuses on the use of rhetorical devices such as metaphors, similes, and rhetorical questions to enhance the impact of a speech. Rhetoric also involves the organization and structure of a speech, ensuring a logical flow of ideas. By harnessing the power of rhetoric, a speaker can effectively communicate their message and evoke a desired response from the audience.

The Three Modes of Persuasion

Rhetoric is often associated with persuasion, and it employs three modes of persuasion: ethos, pathos, and logos. Ethos appeals to the speaker’s credibility and authority, establishing trust with the audience. Pathos appeals to the audience’s emotions, creating a connection and evoking empathy. Logos appeals to logic and reason, using evidence and rational arguments to support the speaker’s claims. By employing these modes of persuasion, a skilled rhetorician can effectively sway the audience’s opinion and inspire action.

The Art of Arrangement

Rhetoric emphasizes the importance of arranging ideas in a coherent and logical manner. A well-structured speech follows a clear introduction, body, and conclusion. The introduction grabs the audience’s attention, sets the tone, and introduces the main topic. The body presents the main arguments and supports them with evidence and examples. The conclusion summarizes the key points and leaves a lasting impression on the audience. Effective arrangement ensures that the speech is easy to follow and understand, enhancing the overall impact of the message.

The Power of Rhetorical Devices

Rhetorical devices are linguistic tools used to enhance the persuasiveness and impact of a speech. Metaphors, similes, and analogies help create vivid imagery and make complex ideas more relatable. Rhetorical questions engage the audience and encourage them to think deeply about the topic. Repetition emphasizes key points and reinforces the speaker’s message. These devices add rhetorical flair to a speech, making it more memorable and persuasive.

Persuasive Speaking

Persuasive Speaking

Persuasive speaking is a term often used to describe the art of public speaking. It emphasizes the ability to influence and convince others through effective communication. A persuasive speaker understands the psychology of persuasion and utilizes various techniques such as storytelling, evidence-based arguments, and emotional appeals to sway the audience. Persuasive speaking is not only about convincing others but also about building trust and credibility as a speaker.

The Psychology of Persuasion

Persuasive speaking taps into the psychology of persuasion, understanding how people think, feel, and make decisions. It involves understanding the audience’s needs, desires, and fears and tailoring the message to resonate with them. Persuasive speakers use techniques such as social proof, where they demonstrate that others have already accepted their message, and scarcity, where they create a sense of urgency or exclusivity. By appealing to the audience’s emotions and rationality, persuasive speakers can effectively influence their thoughts and actions.

The Power of Storytelling

Storytelling is a powerful tool used in persuasive speaking to captivate and engage the audience. It involves the art of narrating a compelling story that resonates with the audience’s emotions and experiences. Storytelling enables the speaker to convey complex ideas in a relatable and memorable way. By weaving a narrative, the speaker can create a connection with the audience and leave a lasting impact. Personal anecdotes, case studies, and testimonials are all forms of storytelling that add credibility and emotional appeal to a persuasive speech.

The Use of Evidence and Reasoning

Persuasive speaking relies on the use of evidence and reasoning to support the speaker’s claims. This involves thorough research and the presentation of facts, statistics, and expert opinions. By providing credible evidence, the speaker builds trust and credibility with the audience. Reasoning, such as deductive or inductive reasoning, is used to logically connect the evidence to the speaker’s main arguments. Utilizing evidence and reasoning effectively strengthens the persuasive power of a speech.

Establishing Credibility and Trust

A persuasive speaker understands the importance of establishing credibility and trust with the audience. Credibility is built through expertise, experience, and authority on the topic. The speaker’s delivery, body language, and confidence contribute to their perceived credibility. Trust is developed through honesty, transparency, and genuine concern for the audience’s well-being. Persuasive speakers establish themselves as trustworthy sources of information, making the audience more receptive to their message.

Public Address

Public Address

Public address refers to the act of delivering a speech or presentation to a live audience. It encompasses various forms of public speaking, including formal speeches, lectures, and presentations. Public address emphasizes the importance of clear and concise communication, ensuring that the audience understands and retains the message. It is a broad term that encompasses the art of public speaking in various contexts and settings.

Formal Speeches

Formal speeches are a common form of public address, often delivered at official events, ceremonies, or conferences. These speeches follow a structured format and are typically delivered by individuals in positions of authority or expertise. Formal speeches require careful preparation, as they often carry significant weight and influence. The speaker must engage the audience, deliver their message clearly, and leave a lasting impact.